Project Description

Wiffle Ball

Overview & Examples

Wiffle Ball is a variation of the sport of baseball designed for indoor or outdoor play in confined areas. The game is played using a perforated, light-weight, rubbery plastic ball and a long, plastic bat. The Wiffle® Ball is a registered trademark of Wiffle Ball Inc., Shelton, CT.

The game of Wiffle Ball was invented in the 1950s and became a popular backyard and sandlot game in the 1960s and 1970s. Leagues and tournaments are now played worldwide.

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Traditional Formats

Wiffle Ball can be played both indoors and outdoors. Teams are typically comprised of between 3 and 6 players. While women’s and co-rec leagues are possible, men’s and mixed leagues are most prevalent.


Wiffle Ball games can utilize up to two umpires. The two-umpire system often includes a plate umpire and base umpire. A single umpire may be used, positioned either near the plate or behind the pitcher in the center of the infield. Wiffle Ball may also be self-officiated by the participating teams.


As a traditionally unstructured backyard game, Wiffle Ball has few sets of standardized rules. However, the United States Perforated Plastic Baseball Association (USPPBA) has a thorough set of rules that are utilized in numerous leagues and tournaments. Many intramural programs have created their own rules, modeled off of traditional baseball/softball rules.

Notes & Variations

In place of a catcher and home plate umpire, a target is often set-up behind home plate to determine when a pitched ball is considered a strike.

The practice of pegging, throwing a Wiffle Ball at a runner to record an out, may be limited or prohibited for safety considerations.

Quickball (Ripken Quickball®) is similar to Wiffle Ball but utilizes a different ball and offers a variety of rule modifications to encourage different types of play.

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